There are several Mood disorders, but one of the most common types is that of Depression. It’s not always known why a person may develop Depression or another mood disorder. However, common contributing factors can include genetics/brain chemistry, environment (an event, ongoing situation), or a combination of both.
Some examples of these risk factors are:
-Severe or ongoing exposure to stress or traumatic situation(s)
-Family member(s) with Depression or another Mood Disorder
-Intake of illicit drugs, or certain medications
-Certain health conditions (Diabetes, Heart Disease, Cancer) or other mental health conditions such as Anxiety
-Lack of sleep or overactive stress response can also trigger or exacerbate a Mood disorder.
This is feelings of sadness or indifference nearly every day for at least two weeks or longer. Depression is classified as mild, moderate, or severe based on the severity of symptoms, which can include:
-Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism, or ongoing sadness
-Lack of motivation, lack of energy, or lethargy
-Loss of interest or pleasure in things you used to enjoy
-Headaches, stomachaches, body aches
-Thoughts of wanting to die, that you or others might be better off if you weren’t around, self-harm, thoughts of suicide or attempt. (*If any of these symptoms apply to you and you feel you cannot keep yourself (or others) safe, please go to your nearest Emergency Room for urgent evaluation or call 911)
Most of us have heard of “PMS” which is often associated with moodiness or a lowered frustration tolerance during the time of a menstrual cycle. However, a less know problem is Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder and is characterized by the onset of symptoms such as mood swings, sadness, anxiety, irritability, or sensitivity that often starts within the week prior to menses and resolves within the first few days of onset of menses.